Addiction is a threat to society
The term addiction is defined as a disorder in the brain associated with certain stimuli in order to obtain psychological comfort, according to this false psychological disorder. (The reward system in the brain.) Despite the harmful consequences. It is, as we said, that it arises through the mechanisms of copying and not adhering to morals and continues to evolve over time (such as constantly eating a certain type of food without others, consuming cocaine, engaging in sexual activity, gambling and many other habits that become essential in the addict's life. She believes that he cannot live without practicing these wrong habits.
Although psychological and social factors are among the causes of addiction, the biological process has a role, which is the main pathological cause that drives the development of addiction. The two main features in stimulating the addiction process are (reinforcement, reward). Reinforcement is what increases the likelihood that a person will seek repeated exposure to it, and the reward is that he sees the stimulus as positive and gives him a feeling of pleasure and happiness.
It is a disease that makes the addict think in a wrong way, in which he feels deficiency, fear, anxiety, depression, despises himself, and makes him feel that he is less than those around him, which leads him to deal with society in a hostile way
There are two parts to addiction, one physical and the other psychological
Physical addiction is that which the addict feels physical symptoms in various members when the influencer stops him, regardless of the drug or anything he practices, and these physical symptoms do not disappear except when obtaining the substance that falls under the weight of his addiction.
And psychological addiction is what affects the psychological state and leads to feelings of depression and acts of violence in the absence of the drug or something addicted to it, and it is only guided when it is obtained.
Common symptoms of addiction:
There are symptoms that are clear and are used to identify the injured, including:
Isolation and loneliness: As a result of addiction, a person has reduced skills and activity, frying and physical, and his level of thinking declines, so he resorts to escaping from gatherings and integrating into the middle of groups because he has become different from those around him.
Denial: It is the addict's denial of the harm of addiction and of what he takes of narcotic drugs and anything on his health, meaning if someone tells him that this is harmful to public health, he is arguing for denial that this addiction is not harmful and does not affect his health.
Justification: the addict justifies his position on addiction and plays the role of the oppressed always and blames those around him because of the problems he reached.
The addict becomes ready to do anything to obtain a small amount of drugs, even if it is forced to do unethical and illegal actions at all in order to obtain the thing addicted to him. Hence the danger begins in terms of the addict's immoral and lack of principles.
The condition of the addicted person deteriorates over time, the rate of drug abuse increases, and the condition worsens from day to day.
Replacement: He tries to replace the drug with others because he believes that it is less harmful than the previous one, and with the passage of time he becomes addicted to both, the more and the less harmful.
Embarrassment: The addict suffers embarrassment as a result of his addiction and exposure to different situations, which makes him resort to escaping from social reality or the use of violence.
Sense of guilt: It is the addict's sense of guilt due to the losses he suffered as a result of his addiction, and he cannot do anything about it because he has become under the influence of the drug and cannot control his emotions and actions.
Economic and social impact of addiction:
The social impacts are as follows:
Bad mental state
• Violence in the home and social life
• The spread of diseases caused by abuse and addiction
The social and economic impact of addiction:
In terms of the social problem:
The sociology of drug use should focus on several important social dimensions, including:
• psychological distress / distress /
Domestic and social violence
• And the various diseases that are spread by abuse and addiction
Increase in crime rates
From the economic point of view, addiction negatively affects the economic situation in terms of the cost of treating addiction is great at the economic level, as addiction is still one of the most important health issues, and it causes a decrease or a lack of productivity,
The effect of addiction on children and adolescents:
One of the harms of drug addiction to children is that it affects the health of the child since he is a fetus in his mother’s womb if his parents are addicted to drugs
After that, they live a miserable, homeless, chaotic life, and they suffer from family neglect, and there are many attacks on them, and it makes the child lose confidence in values and principles and begins to take a deviant path that ultimately leads him to addiction, and after that he begins to suffer from psychological and nervous diseases, and these children are more vulnerable than others to incidents of violence and attacks.
The effect of bad friendship:
Bad friendship is one of the most important reasons that push a person to deviate, especially in adolescence, because addiction begins at the age of fifteen specifically and rarely is at a younger age than that, and for those who want to quit addiction, it is to stay away from bad company as a necessary first step in the means of treatment.